There are three modes of employment for teaching and administrative staff at the French School in Belgrade (EFB): expatriate, resident and local.
1 – The expatriate status:
The expatriate employee needs at least three years’ experience in the public service. They are employed outside the country by the Head of the Agency, and they are under a three-year long contract with the AEFE (The Agency for French Education Abroad), which can be prolonged for a one-year period twice.
All expatriate employees have a mission statement that accompanies their contract. This statement specifies the tasks that should contribute to cultural and cooperation policy between France and the country of residence, supervised by the French Ambassador.
There are nearly 1,200 expatriates in the institutions managed by the AEFE directly or by means of the agreement. Expatriate positions increasingly include school management positions or coaching and teaching a school subject in the zone of South East Europe.
At the French School in Belgrade, there are three people with the expatriate status: the Head of Institution, the Head of Primary and one Maths teacher.
2 – The resident status:
All institutions within the AEFE network have over 5,000 positions, 800 of which are filled in a recruitment campaign every year. Most of the residents are primary and secondary teachers of all school subjects.
Like the expatriate employees, the residents have their National Education licences. They are employed by the Head of the AEFE at the suggestion of the head of institution, after the opinion of the Local Advisory Committee.
Residents, or staff with a permanent residency status, have lived in the country for at least three years, or have followed their spouse or partner. Furthermore, before signing a contract with the AEFE, three-month local contracts are sometimes used. Then, the resident employee is detached from his former administration and put on the AEFE’s payroll, usually for a renewable period of three years.
Apart from the qualifications required by the French education system, the Agency favours, in the scope of its recruitment policy, the candidates’ experience and influence, as well as their communication skills, necessary for such a mission in a foreign environment.
3 – Local employees:
These employees are recruited directly by the School management or its Board of Directors, and the signed contract complies with the local laws.
Locally employed people may be of French or foreign nationality, they may or may not possess a licence, and can be hired for various positions: teaching, administrative work, maintenance or other services.
To be employed on a local contract, a person needs to end the prior employment.
When a teacher is absent, the school hires a substitute teacher from the list made by the head of school. This list is commonly referred to as a “pool”: those are appropriately trained substitute teachers, whose application was accepted by the school management.
At Preschool and Primary School, a teacher is replaced by a teacher or sometimes by a specialized preschool teaching assistant.
At Secondary School, teachers usually volunteer to replace the absent colleagues and supervise classes or teach their subjects if necessary. Educational assistants may also supervise or monitor classes.